Ways the Census is Used

Political Representation

• Reapportioning seats in the U.S. House of Representatives.
• Determining the number of votes each state receives in the Electoral College.

Political Redistricting

• Drawing federal, state and local legislative districts.
Federal Funding
• Distribution of over $675 billion annually in federal funds and even more in state funds.
• Determining areas eligible for housing assistance and rehabilitation loans.

Emergency Services

• Estimating the number of people displaced by natural disasters.
• Designing public safety strategies.
• Creating maps to speed emergency services to households in need of assistance.

Medical and Health Care

• Planning for hospitals, nursing homes, clinics and the location of other health services.
• Assessing the potential for the spread of communicable diseases.
• Planning health and educational services for people with disabilities.
• Distributing medical research.

Housing and Land Use

• Forecasting future housing needs for all segments of the population.
• Development of rural areas.
• Planning urban land use.

Research and Mapping

• Facilitating scientific research.
• Researching historical subject areas.
• Providing genealogical research.
• Setting a standard for creating both private and public surveys.
• Planning and researching for news stories.
• Developing "intelligent" maps for government and businesses

Transportation and Mobility

• Forecasting future transportation needs for all segments of the population.
• Planning for public transportation.

Schools and Education

• Planning for school facilities and programs.
• Developing adult education programs.

Equal Opportunity

• Establishing fair market rents and enforcing fair lending practices.
• Enforcing the Voting Rights Act.
• Enforcing the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Social Assistance

• Directing funds for people in poverty.
• Developing assistance programs for American Indians and Native Alaskans.
• Directing services to children and adults with limited English-language proficiency.
• Designing facilities for people with disabilities, the elderly and children.

Business and Economy

• Attracting new businesses to state and local areas.
• Delivering goods and services to local markets.
• Distributing catalogs and developing mail pieces.
• Locating factory sites and distribution centers.
• Understanding labor supply.
• Spotting trends in the economy

Decision Making

• Planning future government services.
• Analyzing local trends.
• Decision making at all levels of government.
• Evaluation programs in different geographical areas.
• Planning outreach strategies.
• Planning budgets for government at all levels